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Politics

Al-Qaeda and Iraq

20 November 2006

Al-Qaeda and Iraq: Suspicions Confirmed

By Gwynne Dyer

Saying “I told you so” usually just annoys people, so I try to avoid it. The milk has been spilled, and it won’t help to rub their noses in it (to mix a metaphor). But in this case I just have to say: I told you so.

Last week Omar Nasiri, a Moroccan who spent seven years infiltrating al-Qaeda as a double agent working for the French and British intelligence services, told the BBC’s Newsnight programme that al-Qaeda deliberately fed false information to the US government in order to encourage it to invade Iraq. According to Nasiri (a pseudonym), Ibn Sheikh al-Libi, who ran al-Qaeda training camps in Afghanistan and was captured in the US invasion of that country five years ago, told his US interrogators that Saddam Hussein was cooperating with the terrorist organisation to plan attacks with chemical and biological weapons.

That was exactly what poor old Colin Powell, US Secretary of State at the time, told the United Nations Security Council in February, 2003, when he was trying to get the UN to back the invasion of Iraq. He said that “a senior terrorist operative” who “was responsible for one of al-Qaeda’s training camps in Afghanistan” had told US interrogators that Saddam Hussein had offered to train al-Qaeda in the use of chemical and biological weapons.

With the wisdom of hindsight it is obvious that either the US was lying, or else that the “senior terrorist operative” had lied to the US, since Saddam didn’t have any chemical and biological weapons. Practically everybody else in the region has them — Iran, Syria, Israel, Egypt — and the US knew that Saddam had once had them too because it helped him to get them (during the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s). What nobody knew at that time was that Saddam really had destroyed them all as ordered after the Gulf War of 1990-91.

So American forces scooped up Ibn Sheikh al-Libi in Afghanistan in November, 2001, and sent him off to Egypt to be tortured (because the US itself doesn’t do torture) in the presence of American interrogators. And Libi told his lie about Saddam Hussein’s complicity with al-Qaeda, which Colin Powell seized on as justification for the US attack on Iraq.

How do we know that Libi lied under torture? Well, we know that part of al-Qaeda training focussed on withstanding interrogation and giving false information. We know from Colin Powell that some senior al-Qaeda operative did give information that later turned out to be deliberately misleading. And now we know, from Omar Nasiri’s testimony, that Libi had declared that Iraq was al-Qaeda’s main target well before he was captured.

Nasiri told Newsnight that months before the 9/11 attacks and the US invasion of Aghanistan, he had been in a mosque where the question was asked “Where is the best country to fight the jihad?” and Libi had replied that Iraq was the chosen country because it was the “weakest.” By “weakest,” he presumably meant that its economy was crumbling under UN sanctions, its once-high living standard was falling fast, and its ruler, Saddam Hussein, was both incompetent and deeply unpopular. So Iraq was the right place to start the jihad.

For the extremists of al-Qaeda, the “jihad” had to be waged first and foremost against the existing governments of Muslim countries, to replace them with regimes made up of people like themselves who truly knew and obeyed the will of God. Al-Qaeda, a largely Arab organisation operating from exile in Afghanistan, was looking for a first foothold back home in the Arab world, and Libi was saying that the leadership had chosen Iraq as the best place to start. So when he was faced with Egyptian torturers and American interrogators a few months later, the obvious thing would be to tell them lies that would persuade the US to invade Iraq.

I’m not saying that that’s why the US invaded Iraq. The invasion was already being advocated and planned by the neo-conservatives who surrounded George W. Bush even before he won the presidency, for ideological and geo-strategic reasons that had nothing to do with terrorism.

Why Bush himself went along with it is an enduring mystery, and Maureen Dowd’s hypothesis that it’s really driven by Oedipal conflict (“Dad didn’t take Baghdad, but I will”) is as good as any. But the invasion would have happened without Libi’s lies. It would even have happened without 9/11, if the neo-cons had got their way.

The point is that al-Qaeda wanted to attack Saddam itself, but was happy to have the US invade Iraq and overthrow him instead because it knew that in the long run it would benefit from the ensuing war of resistance against foreign occupation. I have been saying this all along, because I know a little about how Salafists think, and quite a lot about how terrorist strategies work. However, Nasiri’s revelations are the first circumstantial evidence that al-Qaeda leaders actively tried to encourage the US invasion.

Every day that US troops have been in Iraq since March, 2003 has been a day when they served the purposes of al-Qaeda. Every day that they remain, they will continue to serve its purposes.

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To shorten to 725 words, omit paragraphs 1, 8 and 10. (“Saying…so”; “For the extremists…Iraq”; and “Why Bush…their way”)